Wednesday, January 30, 2013

Church of San Pietro in Montorio

  • Built to commemorate the spot where St. Peter was crucified (which turned out to be the wrong spot)
  • It was rebuilt in 1481 (during the Renaissance), one of the only renaissance style buildings in Rome because not much was being built then
  • Sponsored by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabel of Spain
  • All churches in Rome were built to be seen in natural light or candle light
  • Raimondi Chapel
    • Sculpted by Bernini (1598-1860)
    • Commissioned by the Raimondi family
    • Well known for its use of natural light, creates dramatic effect
      • Chiara Scuro (Light Dark) Effect
      • Sculpture is the way light hits a surface

    • Franciscan
    • Tombs
      • Cherub blowing out taper
      • Cherub turning away, doesn't want to look in tomb
      • Relief of the resurrection 
      • Heart on fire--baroque symbol of passionate life

      • Relief narrative (Carnival-->Ash Wednesday-->Entombment)
  • Frescos
    • Coat of arms of Spanish kings
    • Sybils--equivalent of prophets in ancient mythology
    • The Flagellation of Christ
      • Artist: Piambo
      • Shows off his knowledge of the human body
      • Took 7 years to complete
    • Fresco="fresh," painted on wet plaster
      • better color retention
      • lasts longer
      • shows skill of artist
  • Trompe L'oeil="teasing of the eye," through paint on a flat surface, make it look like something it isn't
  • Painting of Veronica and Jesus by Flemish artist van Beuren

  • Tombs of Irish princes
  • Tempetto
    • Built on spot believed to be where St. Peter was crucified
    • Harmony, symmetry, great example of renaissance art

Tuesday, January 29, 2013


Fun Facts:
  • Built in 1612 by Pope Paul V of the Borghese family
  • Also called "Aqua Paolo"
  • Dragon and eagle=symbol on Borghese coat of arms
  • Columns are from the old St. Peter's
  • Marble is from the Roman forum
    • Spolia=Roman tradition of reusing building materials
  • Bizzone=little fountains throughout Rome

Piazza Garibaldi

Fun Facts:

  • Lookout from which you can see the whole city of Rome (it's a dome city)
  • To the:
    • East=mountains
    • North=St. Peter's
    • South=Naples
    • West=Mediterranean
  • Pine Trees
    • "Umbrella pines," symbol of Rome
    • Giant bronze pine cone in the old St. Peter's
    • Image of renewal (a pine cone opens up in heat-->forest is renewed)
    • Rome has always been about renewal
      • the new Troy
      • renewed with Christianity
    • Pine cone on top of the dome of the Boston state house recalls the US's classical roots
  • Since 1848, everyday at noon, Italian soldiers fire a cannon
  • Statue of Giuseppe Garibaldi (see first picture)
    • "Father of Modern Italy"
    • Inscription reads "Placed here 2,660"-->2,660 years since the founding of Rome, not A.D.
  • Fasces
    • Symbol of justice and political unity
    • Twigs break easily, but many twigs bundled together are strong
  • Busts around the piazza are of Garibaldi's men, Italian patriots
  • Piazza Garibaldi is on Janiculum hill
  • Statue of Righetto
    • Symbol of boys who died in defense of Italy
    • Located here because Piazza Garibaldi (or near it) is a park for children

So...What Exactly Is This?

So as not to overwhelm my other blog, this blog will cover the places I study in my "Art and Architecture of Rome" class in greater detail.  It will include historical information, fun facts, and, of course, pictures of all the places, buildings, and art that I learn about in Roma.  It will serve both for your enjoyment and my study guide.  Everyone wins!